Establishment of an International Research Center for Ammonia Combustion and Material Research Aimed at Realization of a Low-carbon Society

Ammonia is synthesized and used around the world for fertilizer and chemical products. Currently, the movement toward the use of ammonia as a fuel is accelerating. Represented by the formula NH3, ammonia does not contain carbon, which means it does not emit carbon dioxide when combusted like hydrogen. Moreover, since ammonia liquifies at a relatively low pressure, about the same as propane, it can easily be transported and stored. However, it has the disadvantage of not being highly flammable and is at risk of emitting nitrogen oxides during combustion. In addition, ammonia itself is a deleterious substance, requiring careful handling. Some materials corrode with ammonia. In order to move towards a decarbonized society, research to overcome the challenges of using ammonia as a carbon-free fuel are accelerating worldwide. This project is aimed at establishing an Ammonia Combustion and Materials Research Center in cooperation with research centers in Japan and overseas, for conducting integrated research on ammonia combustion and ammonia-resistant materials leading to social implementation of ammonia combustion systems.