Introduction

Introduction

Institute of Fluid Science DirectorKaoru Maruta

Institute of Fluid Science, IFS, was originally founded in 1943 as an Institute of High-Speed Mechanics, and was reorganized under the director Shinichi Kamiyama in 1989 to become the “Institute of Fluid Science” to this day. The mission and goals of Institute of Fluid Science, IFS, are to promote world-class researches merging with advanced fields based on fluid science, and to apply them to priority technology fields, as well as to solve various social problems. IFS encourages to foster next-generation researchers and engineers of international standards through our research activities.

Fluid science deals not only with the flow of matter, but also with heat, energy and the like from both a macroscopic perspective that treats gas, liquid and solid flows as continuum flows, and a microscopic perspective that treats molecules, atoms and charged particles. Even the flow of information is in our scope. Keywords of our research activities cover, e.g., energy & environment, aerospace & machinery, medical engineering, new electric devices, high-performance materials & materials science, fluid systems and so forth. We treat wide ranges of multiscale physics in both temporally and spatially.

IFS currently has three research divisions: Creative Flow Research Division, Complex Flow Research Division and Nanoscale Flow Research Division, and two research centers: Innovative Energy Research Center and Lyon Center. In total, IFS has thirty two research laboratories including the collaborative research division of Advanced Vehicle Technology Research. IFS has been assigned as one of the Joint Usage / Research Center for fluid science, which is accredited by MEXT, Japan. More than 100 collaborative research projects with domestic and overseas collaborators were supported by IFS every year in addition to the joint researches conducted by individual research funds.

To strengthen and promote research activities, a high-performance supercomputer is operated by Advanced Fluid Information Research Center (AFI) in IFS. Several wind tunnels and shock tubes were operated in the Advanced Flow Experimental Research Center (AFX). IFS also opened the Global Collaborative Research and Education Center (GCORE) to support international exchange. Aircraft Computational Science Center (ACS) that promotes research and education related to aerospace were organized and has been operated. The Lyon Center focusing on fusion of material and fluid science research was found in 2018 with the aim of becoming a European research center of IFS in the near future.

In 2015, IFS VISION2030 was established. By utilizing the global joint research networks, IFS aims to be a global research center in fluid science by 2030. Under the vision, the concept of research cluster was introduced. To date, three research clusters have been redefined, namely environment & energy, human & substance multi-scale mobility, and health, welfare & medical. They are conducting cluster-led project-type research.

In 2020, new coronavirus infectious disease is rampant around the world, and is a common issue worldwide. Not only this, but current social issues have become more extensive and complex, making it difficult for any single researcher to solve them alone. It requires interdisciplinary and international cooperation. IFS will make continuous effort to contribute solving those issues with collaboration partners. International Conference on Flow Dynamics, ICFD, that has been organized by IFS every year since 2004, was held online for the first time this year, and was attended by around 500 researchers from around the world. In addition as a new attempt, we have started Flow Dynamics Webinar by world-renowned researcher.

I have been appointed as the director of the Institute of Fluid Science on April 2020, which is the 77th year from the establishment of the Institute of High-Speed Mechanics. I will do my best with all my strength and sincerity. We look forward to the continued support and guidance of all concerned parties.

December, 2020